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Future Tenses

Future Tenses Part 1

There are many ways to describe the future and I list some of them below:

Present Simple

We use the present simple to talk about a timetable or a programme

Examples:

The train leaves at 8am tomorrow morning

What time does your flight leave tomorrow?

Programme:

The meeting starts at 9am 2morrow

Your class starts at 10pm on Friday

2.Present Continuous

We use the present continuous to talk about a fixed arrangement in the future.

Examples:

I am meeting my friend tonight at 9pm

I am going to the cinema with a friend on Friday

3.Going to + bare infinitive

We use going to + infinitive to talk about what we intend to do (intention) or have already decided to do.

Examples:

I am going to study Chinese next year

It’s Pat’s birthday tomorrow; I’m going to buy her a new camera

b)We also use the going to + infinitive for future predictions when we have evidence

Examples:

There are big black clouds in the sky – It’s going to rain

4.Will + Infinitive

a.

We use will + infinitive to talk about something we have decided at the moment of speaking (quick / spontaneous decisions)

Example:

Speaker 1. ‘ I’m hungry’

Speaker 3 ‘ I’ll make you a sandwich’

b.

We use will + infinitive to say something we think or believe will happen in the future (prediction with no evidence)

Example:

I think Japan will win the world cup in 2018

c.We use will + infinitive when we promise or offer to do something for someone.

Example:

I’ll pick you up at the airport (if you like)